Virtualizing Microsoft Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS)-Windows 2012 on vSphere 5 Best Practices

January 21, 2015 Shady ElMalatawey 0

Active Directory Domain Services (AD DS) is the core of our IT Infrastructure nowadays. It’s the authentication and authorization center of any IT Infrastructure. Being here since 1990’s, AD DS has been through a great development till reached this version on Windows 2012 with many new features. Luckily, some of these are only for helping virtualizing Domain Controllers (DC’s) with min. effort and to leverage all of Virtualization advantages and features. These features are: 1-) VM Generation ID (Virtualization Safeguard): An ID that’s generated and add to any Windows 2012 VM when being deployed on a supported hypervisor (vSphere 5.0 U2 and later) .vmx file. It’s used to trace VM life-cycle. When it’s power on for first time, a new […]

ESXi Tardisks, Ramdisks & ESXi Local State

January 20, 2015 Shady ElMalatawey 0

Hi All.. During my study for my VCAP-DCD, I came to an interesting point that I’d like to share with you. During reading vSphere Design Sybex V2 by Scott Lowe and Forbies Guthrie, they came though ESXi boot disk partitions and how the boot image is loaded into memory during boot. Long story short, ESXi base image essentially is a compressed file. When booting ESXi image, that compressed file is uncompressed into the memory producing two types of files: VMkernel Executives and Archive Files. VMkernel Executives are .gz files that aren’t shown in the list of file system files and they form the main files system. Archive files, aka. VIBs or VMware Installation Bundles (Anyone experienced with Auto Deploy knows them), contain all […]

Swap to Host Cache (wrongly aka. Swap to SSD)

January 18, 2015 Shady ElMalatawey 2

Hi All … vSphere 5.0 and later came with so many enhancement for Virtual Infrastructure and Swap to Host Cache is one of these. This feature allows you to use any SSD datastore -some or all of it- as Write-back Cache to swap to it ESXi memory pages in case of Hard State memory contention. Many of vExperts wrote about it and its technical how-to configuration, like Duncan Epping in his complete-guide blog post here. Now, you’re asking: “So, why do you write this blog post?? Do you wanna to copy-paste??!”  The answer is unfortunately, NO!! I write this blog post to answer a question that may come to your mind while reading about this awesome feature: “What is the […]

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